failed experiment in Prainha ?
It remains to be seen what will actually happen after the new-old head of state "Lula" da Silva promised the reinstallation of environmental protection in Brazil at COP27. The second most deforested "RESEX" of the Amazon has 185 thousand heads of illegal cattle and only 2 penalties were issued. See in Portuguese:
The problems actually started with
foundation of the Brazilian "RESEX".
According to the German-Brazilian agronomist Uli Ide, who also lives in a "RESEX" further south in Bahia, things already went awry during the actual founding of the 100 or so "RESEXs" throughout Brazil.
He states that:
retired, lives in "RESEX" Canavieiras in Bahia.
He has worked for decades in South America with a focus on Brazil for international NGOs.
In the course of the "RESEX" creation, many inhabitants generally did not know, or at least did not realise, that in addition to the sea, the land would also be included.
That many residents did not realise at the time how much the land issue would divide their community.
What would happen if the youth with better education no longer wanted to be fishermen. This raises the question; is a conservation zone for lobster fishing in Prainha even up to date?
In Prainha do Cante Verde, the RESEX was approved in 2009 by the then and new president "Lula" da Silva, but nowadays the question arises; is a protected marine area without lobsters, without junior fishermen in Prainha even up to date?
Prainha do Canto Verde, the "RESEX" is divided into two parts;
a territorial and a marine reserve
"Although the modality sought by the residents' association and the cooperative is compensatory power, its definition depends on the perception of the people concerned. While some residents - especially the members of these organisations - fully accept the associação's laws on land ownership and have internalised them as the norm, others feel forced to accept rules and facts that they do not support, and still others do not even abide by the residents' association's self-knit rulebook."
(© 2009 - Carolin Brunner)
A number of residents in Prainha claim that they did not know that the village itself, the dunes and the land in general would be included when they voted on whether they wanted a "RESEX".
In Prainha do Cante Verde, the enviromental area of conflict has shifted away from the sea to the land issue."RESEX".
Whole master's thesis by © Carolin Brugger
As early as 2009, the German ethnologist Carolin Brugger questioned this in her work on Prainha and considered the many NGO funds - especially from Switzerland - that flowed into Prainha to be questionable, and described the local power structures in and around Prainha do Canto Verde as not only favourable to the latter.
(Quote Master's thesis- in German only)